Book Conditions

Below are the bookseller’s industry book conditions guidelines. We base our pricing and offers on this set of definitions. We make this list available so that everyone is on the same page about pricing and condition of the book. If a book is in a condition where it could apply to both a higher grade and a lower grade, we will default to the lower grade when describing the book and the price. We do this to set a common set of expectations between you, our esteemed customer, and us. Afterall, it never hurts if the book is in a better condition than what it is labeled as.


As new

The book is in the state that it should have been in when it left the publisher.

Fine (FN)

The book is "as new" but allowing for the normal effects of time on an unused book that has been protected. A fine book shows no damage.

Very Good (VG)

A book that is worn but untorn. For many collectors this is the minimum acceptable condition for all but the rarest items. Any defects must be noted.

Good (G)

A book that is an average used worn book that is complete. Any defects must be noted.


The book shows wear and tear but all the text pages and illustrations or maps are present. It may lack endpapers, half-title, and even the title page. All defects must be noted.


A book that has the complete text but is so damaged that it is only of interest to a buyer who seeks a reading copy. If the damage renders the text illegible then the book is not even poor.


Books that were once owned by, and circulated in, a public library.  This book could well be in any of the above general categories but often has been well used.  May have library stickers, stamps, or markings. Copies must always be designated as such no matter what the condition of the book.

Binding Copy

A book in which the pages or leaves are perfect, but the binding is very bad, loose, off, or non-existent.